## AMC 10 2015 Test A

**Instructions**

- This is a 25-question, multiple choice test. Each question is followed by answers marked A, B, C, D and E. Only one of these is correct.
- You will receive 6 points for each correct answer, 2.5 points for each problem left unanswered if the year is before 2006, 1.5 points for each problem left unanswered if the year is after 2006, and 0 points for each incorrect answer.
- No aids are permitted other than scratch paper, graph paper, ruler, compass, protractor and erasers (and calculators that are accepted for use on the test if before 2006. No problems on the test will require the use of a calculator).
- Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale.
- You will have 75 minutes working time to complete the test.

What is the value of $(2^0-1+5^2+0)^{-1}\times5?$

$\textbf{(A)}\ -125\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ -120\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{5}{24}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25$

$\textbf{C}$

A box contains a collection of triangular and square tiles. There are $25$ tiles in the box, containing $84$ edges total. How many square tiles are there in the box?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 11$

$\textbf{D}$

Ann made a 3-step staircase using 18 toothpicks as shown in the figure. How many toothpicks does she need to add to complete a 5-step staircase?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 22\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 24$

$\textbf{D}$

Pablo, Sofia, and Mia got some candy eggs at a party. Pablo had three times as many eggs as Sofia, and Sofia had twice as many eggs as Mia. Pablo decides to give some of his eggs to Sofia and Mia so that all three will have the same number of eggs. What fraction of his eggs should Pablo give to Sofia?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{12}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{6}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{4}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{1}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1}{2}$

$\textbf{B}$

Mr. Patrick teaches math to $15$ students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was $80$. After he graded Payton's test, the test average became $81$. What was Payton's score on the test?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 81\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 85\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 91\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 94\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 95$

$\textbf{E}$

The sum of two positive numbers is $5$ times their difference. What is the ratio of the larger number to the smaller number?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{5}{4}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{3}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{9}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{5}{2}$

$\textbf{B}$

How many terms are there in the arithmetic sequence $13$, $16$, $19$, . . ., $70$, $73$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 21\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 24\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 60\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 61$

$\textbf{B}$

Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. 2 years before that, Pete was four times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be $2$ : $1$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 8$

$\textbf{B}$

Two right circular cylinders have the same volume. The radius of the second cylinder is $10\%$ more than the radius of the first. What is the relationship between the heights of the two cylinders?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \text{The second height is } 10\% \text{ less than the first.} \\$

$\textbf{(B)}\ \text{The first height is } 10\% \text{ more than the second.}\\ $

$\textbf{(C)}\ \text{The second height is } 21\% \text{ less than the first.} \\ $

$\textbf{(D)}\ \text{The first height is } 21\% \text{ more than the second.}\\ $

$\textbf{(E)}\ \text{The second height is } 80\% \text{ of the first.}$

$\textbf{D}$

How many rearrangements of $abcd$ are there in which no two adjacent letters are also adjacent letters in the alphabet? For example, no such rearrangements could include either $ab$ or $ba$.

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4$

$\textbf{C}$

The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is $4$ : $3$. If the rectangle has diagonal of length $d$, then the area may be expressed as $kd^2$ for some constant $k$. What is $k$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{2}{7}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{3}{7}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{12}{25}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{16}{25}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{3}{4}$

$\textbf{C}$

Points $(\sqrt{\pi}, a)$ and $(\sqrt{\pi}, b)$ are distinct points on the graph of $y^2+x^4=2x^2y+1$. What is $|a-b|$?

$\textbf{(A) }1\qquad\textbf{(B) }\dfrac{\pi}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C) }2\qquad\textbf{(D) }\sqrt{1+\pi}\qquad\textbf{(E) }1+\sqrt{\pi}$

$\textbf{C}$

Claudia has 12 coins, each of which is a 5-cent coin or a 10-cent coin. There are exactly 17 different values that can be obtained as combinations of one or more of her coins. How many 10-cent coins does Claudia have?

$\textbf{(A) }3\qquad\textbf{(B) }4\qquad\textbf{(C) }5\qquad\textbf{(D) }6\qquad\textbf{(E) }7$

$\textbf{C}$

The diagram below shows the circular face of a clock with radius $20$ cm and a circular disk with radius $10$ cm externally tangent to the clock face at $12$ o'clock. The disk has an arrow painted on it, initially pointing in the upward vertical direction. Let the disk roll clockwise around the clock face. At what point on the clock face will the disk be tangent when the arrow is next pointing in the upward vertical direction?

$\textbf{(A) }\mathrm{2 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(B) }\mathrm{3 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(C) }\mathrm{4 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(D) }\mathrm{6 o'clock} \qquad\textbf{(E) }\mathrm{8 o'clock}$

$\textbf{C}$

Consider the set of all fractions $\tfrac{x}{y},$ where $x$ and $y$ are relatively prime positive integers. How many of these fractions have the property that if both numerator and denominator are increased by $1$, the value of the fraction is increased by $10\%$?

$\textbf{(A) }0\qquad\textbf{(B) }1\qquad\textbf{(C) }2\qquad\textbf{(D) }3\qquad\textbf{(E) }\text{infinitely many}$

$\textbf{B}$

If $y+4 = (x-2)^2, x+4 = (y-2)^2$, and $x \neq y$, what is the value of $x^2+y^2$?

$\textbf{(A) }10\qquad\textbf{(B) }15\qquad\textbf{(C) }20\qquad\textbf{(D) }25\qquad\textbf{(E) }\text{30}$

$\textbf{B}$

A line that passes through the origin intersects both the line $x=1$ and the line $y=1+\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}x$. The three lines create an equilateral triangle. What is the perimeter of the triangle?

$\textbf{(A) }2\sqrt{6}\qquad\textbf{(B) }2+2\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(C) }6\qquad\textbf{(D) }3+2\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(E) }6+\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$

$\textbf{D}$

Hexadecimal (base-16) numbers are written using numeric digits $0$ through $9$ as well as the letters $A$ through $F$ to represent $10$ through $15$. Among the first $1000$ positive integers, there are $n$ whose hexadecimal representation contains only numeric digits. What is the sum of the digits of $n$?

$\textbf{(A) }17\qquad\textbf{(B) }18\qquad\textbf{(C) }19\qquad\textbf{(D) }20\qquad\textbf{(E) }21$

$\textbf{E}$

The isosceles right triangle $ABC$ has right angle at $C$ and area $12.5$. The rays trisecting $\angle ACB$ intersect $AB$ at $D$ and $E$. What is the area of $\bigtriangleup CDE$?

$\textbf{(A) }\dfrac{5\sqrt{2}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\dfrac{50\sqrt{3}-75}{4}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\dfrac{15\sqrt{3}}{8}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\dfrac{50-25\sqrt{3}}{2}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\dfrac{25}{6}$

$\textbf{D}$

A rectangle with positive integer side lengths in $\text{cm}$ has area $A$ $\text{cm}^2$ and perimeter $P$ $\text{cm}$. Which of the following numbers cannot equal $A+P$?

As it originally appeared in the AMC 10, this problem was stated incorrectly and had no answer; it has been modified here to be solvable. This is the original question:

A rectangle with side lengths in $\text{cm}$ has an area of integer $A$ $\text{cm}^2$ and a perimeter of integer $P$ $\text{cm}$. Which of the following numbers cannot equal $A+P$?

$\textbf{(A) }100\qquad\textbf{(B) }102\qquad\textbf{(C) }104\qquad\textbf{(D) }106\qquad\textbf{(E) }108$

$\textbf{B}$ (Note: This problem was originally stated incorrectly, and all contestants received full credit regardless of their answer.)

Tetrahedron $ABCD$ has $AB=5$, $AC=3$, $BC=4$, $BD=4$, $AD=3$, and $CD=\tfrac{12}5\sqrt2$. What is the volume of the tetrahedron?

$\textbf{(A) }3\sqrt2\qquad\textbf{(B) }2\sqrt5\qquad\textbf{(C) }\dfrac{24}5\qquad\textbf{(D) }3\sqrt3\qquad\textbf{(E) }\dfrac{24}5\sqrt2$

$\textbf{C}$

Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people flip their coins and those who flip heads stand while those who flip tails remain seated. What is the probability that no two adjacent people will stand?

$\textbf{(A)}\dfrac{47}{256}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\dfrac{3}{16}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\dfrac{49}{256}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\dfrac{25}{128}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\dfrac{51}{256}$

$\textbf{A}$

The zeroes of the function $f(x)=x^2-ax+2a$ are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of $a$?

$\textbf{(A) }7\qquad\textbf{(B) }8\qquad\textbf{(C) }16\qquad\textbf{(D) }17\qquad\textbf{(E) }18$

$\textbf{C}$

For some positive integers $p$, there is a quadrilateral $ABCD$ with positive integer side lengths, perimeter $p$, right angles at $B$ and $C$, $AB=2$, and $CD=AD$. How many different values of $p<2015$ are possible?

$\textbf{(A) }30\qquad\textbf{(B) }31\qquad\textbf{(C) }61\qquad\textbf{(D) }62\qquad\textbf{(E) }63$

$\textbf{B}$

Let $S$ be a square of side length $1$. Two points are chosen at random on the sides of $S$. The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least $\tfrac12$ is $\tfrac{a-b\pi}c$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are positive integers with $\gcd(a,b,c)=1$. What is $a+b+c$?

$\textbf{(A) }59\qquad\textbf{(B) }60\qquad\textbf{(C) }61\qquad\textbf{(D) }62\qquad\textbf{(E) }63$

$\textbf{A}$